Botanical Garden of Klaipėda University (KU) is located in former Royal Park of Tauralaukis. On June 1802, the Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm III with his wife Louise met Russian Emperor Alexander I in the manor of Tauralaukis. It was the first and very important meeting between Prussian and Russian monarchs since Friedrich I’s and Peter the Great’s reign. Klaipėda became known as the city of Royal meeting and gained the honour and trust of others. Historians are unanimous of the statement that no other royal meeting was so long-lasting and influential as the Prussian and Russian rulers meeting in Klaipėda. This friendship also had an impact on the victory over Napoleon. In memory of the long friendship between two monarchs, that started here, in Klaipėda, there were planted many trees and the place was turned into park. Its paths were planned freely, in quirky lines, imitating English style. There grew oaks, lindens, Platanes, Eastern West pines, chestnuts and around the circular flower garden, being near the central manor building, were decorative shrubs.
In later times, Wilhelm III’s and Louise’s children and other heirs of throne were often guests of Klaipėda and Royal Park of Tauralaukis.
After the establishment of University of Klaipėda (1991) and the formation of biology, ecology and recreation programmes, there was the necessity to create a place of study and research for students and teachers of these as well as of other specialities. For this reason, University of Klaipėda established Botanical Garden in 1993. The initiator and first director of Garden was Professor A. M. Olšauskas.
When Botanical Garden started to work, individual plant collectors and Botanical Gardens of Vytautas Magnus University in Kaunas and Vilnius University gave coniferous trees and shrubs, as well as seedlings of green cuttings to Klaipėda. Currently KU Botanical Garden cooperates with Lithuania’s and other world’s botanical gardens and arboretums (~100), carries the exchange of seeds and green cuttings, and stores grown seeds fond. For this reason, the plant collections are constantly being replenished by new plants.
Decorative and other economically valuable plants are collected and exhibited in four collections: dendrological (coniferous and deciduous plants), medicinal and aromatic plants, herbaceous decorative plants, roses. Visitors are also invited to look over the developed coastal dune plants and bulbous plant collections, vining plants exposition and ethnographic flower garden. For the propagation of flowers, trees and shrubs, workers arranged the arboretum, renovated the main viewing platform and built suspended bridge.
Currently, Botanical Garden of KU exhibits about 3349 plants of taxa (according to 31/12/2014). Integrity and maturity for the composition of the introduced flora is provided by natural vegetation – there naturally grows more than 250 species of plants. Most of them - herbaceous plants, and in the diversity of woody plants mostly common are ordinary maples (Acer platanoides), black alders (Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn.), alders (Alnus incana (L.) Moench), ordinary and late lindens (Prunus soles, Prunus Serotina Ehrh.), European spindle trees (Euonymus europaeus L.).
This locality is famous by its historical past. In 1802, in the former estate, being near the Botanical Garden, met Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm III with his wife Louise and Russian Emperor Alexander I.